Unique Australia Facts and Interesting Aussie Tourist Infomation

Australia has many unique and interesting Australia facts that make it special and different from other countries. These Australia facts are based on Australia's uniqueness in many ways.

Our native animals and plant life have adapted to the climate in which they live. Which maybe in the harshness of the desert or the changing seasons which bring extreme weather conditions.

Australia is a very young country compared to most other countries but it has created many historic events. Australia has many natural landmarks and built many interesting structures and buildings that are recognised world wide.

Flora and Fauna Australia Facts

Australia's flora and fauna has adapted to the unique conditions in Australia, here are a few examples of interesting Australia facts.

The Boab Tree drops it's leaves in the 'dry' season to survive and boabs have a huge trunk to store water as the rainfall in the 'wet' season is extreme.

Spinifex Grass is found in the desert, it stores water and needs frequent exposure to fire to thrive.

Koalas only eat eucalyptus leaves that are low in nutrients and have evolved so they have 'low energy' lives, that is why they sleep about twenty hours each day.

The desert wildlife, grasses, shrubs and trees have adapted to the harsh and extreme conditions to help them survive and and thrive.

Eycalypt gum trees are native trees and are able to survive fire and drought, the are a very common tree in Australia's forests or bush. When burnt they are so tough that they will re grow rather than die.

The Thorny Devil is a fairly small and very unique Australian lizard that only eats ants and can eat about three thousand for one meal.

thorny devil australia lizard central australia

The Thorny Devil - a very unique Aussie Lizard

Towns and Natural Australia Facts

The Hunter Valley in South Australia was Australia's first successful wine region, there is also the Barossa Valley.

Tamworth in New South Wales is the first Australian town to have electric street lighting. Tamworth is also famous for the Tamworth Country Music festival held annually.

The Great Barrier Reef has about 2000 islands, only twenty are available for tourists to visit like Great Keppell, Dunk and Hayman islands.

Hervey Bay in Queensland is the best place to see the Humpback whales, between August and October they rest at Hervey Bay while they wait for their calves to grow before they return to the Antarctica.

Fraser Island in Queensland is the largest natural sand island in the world, the Seventy Mile beach is also a recognised highway on Fraser Island so normal road rules apply but you must have a four wheel drive vehicle. Drivers must look out for people on the beach including anyone stupid enough to 'sunbake' where the vehicles travel.

Purnululu National Park in the 'Kimberley' or the 'Bungle Bungles' were not discovered for tourism until mid way through the 1980s and was declared a National park in 1987. Prior to then it was only known by the Aborginal people and farmers that lived in the area.

Lake Eyre in South Australia is Australia's largest salt lake, occassionally when Lake Eyre floods it is turned into a stunning sight of flowers blooming and the wildlife returning.

More than twenty percent of Tasmania is designated as World Heritage Listed areas which include the Franklin and Gordon rivers, Cradle Mountain and the Walls of Jerusalem.

Eighty per cent of Western Australia's population live in the Perth area, the rest of the population are scattered along the coast and inland especially in the mining towns of Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie.

super pit mine kalgoorlie western australia

The Super Pit Mine in Kalgoorlie

Central Australia and Outback Australia Facts

Australia has very vast and remote areas in Central Australia or the 'Outback'. Some of the farming stations are a million acres and very remote so access to food and supplies are difficult.

To be able to help these people living in these huge areas there had to be unique ways to communicate, receive supplies, educate children and to receive basic and emergency medical help.

These 'life changing' services were implemented many years ago and are continually being improved as technology and transportation changes.

In the 1870s a single telegraph line called the Overland Telegraph Line was built to join Port Augusta in Southern Australia to Darwin in the north of Australia. An underwater cable was also installed from Darwin to Java in Indonesia, when completed Australia was able to communicate with the world and get 'up to date' news rather than relying on news that ships delivered that was months old.

Camels were brought into Australia in the 1870s from the Middle East to use for transport in the Outback as camels are perfect for working in the desert and are referred to as 'Ships of the Desert'.

The Royal Flying Doctor Service treats over one hundred thousand people a year in the Outback Central Australia area. Many outback stations have their own airstrip to receive their mail and supplies, emergency help and visitors also arrive by plane or helicopter.

The School of the Air is based in Alice Springs and Broken Hill and were setup in the 1950s. The school of the air communicates with children in remote areas and conducts school classes.

There is a very unique Outback Mail Run Tour that allows tourists to join the mailrun in a four wheel drive vehicle as they travel from Coober Pedy to Oodnadatta, William Creek and several remote cattle stations including Anna Creek Station.

Road Trains are a very useful way to transport goods to remote areas, they either have 2, 3 or 4 trailers attached which can be a total of 50 metres or more. Any truck classed as a road train are only allowed to travel on the Outback roads so you won't see them in populated areas.

Road trains usually have fuel, cattle or sheep, food or other supplies on board, are very necessary and are cost effective as they can carry and deliver large amounts of goods for businesses and stations in the Outback.

road train truck outback australia

A triple 'road train' truck in the Outback Australia

Australia Facts - Attractions and Events

The Melbourne Cricket Ground or MCG in Victoria was originally started in the 1850s, now days it is a huge stadium that will hold about 100,000 people, it is mainly used for cricket and Aussie Rules Football but it also has been used for many special events.

The Great Ocean Road is a stunning drive along Victoria's south coast, the road was actually built with picks and shovels by 3000 men who had just returned from the first world war. This took fourteen years to complete and it was officially opened in 1932. Thanks to these men we have a very famous road trip that is a special memorial to all soldiers who were involved in World War One.

Gold was first discovered 1851 in Bathurst in New South Wales and in Bendigo and Ballarat in Victoria.

The Royal National Park in Sydney is the oldest National Park in Australia and the second oldest in the world, Yellowstone in the USA was first.

The oldest botanic gardens are in Sydney, the Royal Botanic Garden and the second oldest is the Brisbane City Botanic Gardens.

The Sydney Harbour Bridge was built by 1400 workers which was completed in 1932 and the Sydney Opera House took 14 years to complete at a cost of 102 million dollars.

sydney opera house harbour bridge

The stunning Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge

There are many Australia Facts which help us learn and understand more about Australia, these Australia travel facts and tips for planning your adventure holiday are also interesting.

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